In particular, the juvenilization of poverty is closely linked to the “feminization of poverty”, or the ways in which women worldwide are also disproportionately affected by poverty. … Both terms – “juvenilization” and “feminization” – have been contested in political and academic discourse.
What is meant by the feminization of poverty?
The “feminisation of poverty” means that women have a higher incidence of poverty than men, that their poverty is more severe than that of men and that poverty among women is on the increase. … It also calls on the member states to promote the enlargement of women’s opportunities through education.
What is the main reason for the feminization of poverty?
Causes of the feminization of poverty include the structure of family and household, employment, sexual violence, education, climate change, femonomics and health. The traditional stereotypes of women remain embedded in many cultures restricting income opportunities and community involvement for many women.
What is feminization of poverty PDF?
The discourse on “feminization of poverty” holds that as a result of recession and. reduced public spending by governments, women are increasingly represented among. the world’s poor (Pearce, 1978). Women and economic development are at the core of. the discourse on feminization of poverty.
What is the feminization of poverty and how does divorce contribute to it?
Peterson is correct that rising divorce rates are responsible in part for the feminization of poverty, since divorce transforms a male- headed household into a female-headed household. The Census Bureau counts husband-wife families as male-headed regardless of the earnings or employment situation of the two spouses.
What is meant by the Juvenilization of poverty?
The term juvenilization of poverty is one used to describe the processes by which children are at a higher risk for being poor, suffer consistent and long-term negative effects due to deprivation (physical, mental, and psychological), and are disproportionately affected by systemic issues that perpetuate poverty.
What is the meaning of feminization?
In sociology, feminization is the shift in gender roles and sex roles in a society, group, or organization towards a focus upon the feminine. It can also mean the incorporation of women into a group or a profession that was once dominated by men.
Who invented the feminization of poverty?
The ‘feminization of poverty’ was first noted by Diana Pearce in the late 1970s, and since that time, various scholars have examined trends in men’s and women’s poverty rates—and the ratio between them—in order to explore how economic status may be affected by gender.
Who coined feminization of poverty?
The coining of the term “feminization of poverty” is widely attributed to Diana Pearce (1978), who, on the basis of statistical analysis for the United States between the 1950s and 1970s, reported a trend towards increased concentration of income poverty among women, and especially among Afro-American female-headed …
Which one of the following groups is best described by the term racial feminization of poverty?
The feminization of poverty refers to the trend whereby women are disproportionately represented among individuals living in poverty. Which one of the following groups is best described by the term racial feminization of poverty? … women and children.
What are examples of feminization of poverty?
For example, if a husband has control over the income, the husband may live above the poverty line, while the wife may not have the resources necessary to meet her basic needs. In fact, this measure may grossly underestimate women’s poverty because women may not necessarily have access to income.
What is the feminization of migration?
The feminisation of migration gives rise to specific problematic forms of migration, such as the commercialised migration of women and girls as domestic workers and caregivers, often resulting in the trafficking of women for labour and sexual exploitation.
What is relative and absolute poverty?
Absolute poverty – is a condition where household income is below a necessary level to maintain basic living standards (food, shelter, housing). … Relative poverty – A condition where household income is a certain percentage below median incomes.
What led to the feminization of agricultural labour force?
Agriculture sector employs 80% of all economically active women; they comprise 33% of the agricultural labour force and 48% of self employed farmers. … According to the Economic Survey 2017-18, a rise in migration of men from rural to urban areas has resulted in feminization of agriculture.