Wollstonecraft was introduced to social contract theorists, such as John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, as a teenager. … However, when Wollstonecraft takes up her pen to write A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, Wollstonecraft does not draw on the tenets of the social contract tradition.
Women, Wollstonecraft said, must be given the same range of choices as men. As such, Wollstonecraft argued both for women’s right to own property, as well as the ability to make contracts, in order to have the option to earn an income separate from their husbands.
What were Mary Wollstonecraft’s beliefs?
Mary Wollstonecraft was an English writer and a passionate advocate of educational and social equality for women. She called for the betterment of women’s status through such political change as the radical reform of national educational systems. Such change, she concluded, would benefit all society.
What type of government did Mary Wollstonecraft believe in?
She rejected artificial distinctions of rank, which she believed hampered human flourishing, and also favoured republicanism over hereditary monarchy as the ideal form of government.
What did Thomas Hobbes believe about society?
According to Hobbes, society is a population beneath a sovereign authority, to whom all individuals in that society cede some rights for the sake of protection.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, born in Geneva in 1712, was one of the 18th century’s most important political thinkers. His work focussed on the relationship between human society and the individual, and contributed to the ideas that would lead eventually to the French Revolution.
What were the ideas of Rousseau?
Rousseau argued that the general will of the people could not be decided by elected representatives. He believed in a direct democracy in which everyone voted to express the general will and to make the laws of the land. Rousseau had in mind a democracy on a small scale, a city-state like his native Geneva.
What did Montesquieu believe in?
Montesquieu concluded that the best form of government was one in which the legislative, executive, and judicial powers were separate and kept each other in check to prevent any branch from becoming too powerful. He believed that uniting these powers, as in the monarchy of Louis XIV, would lead to despotism.
Was Mary Shelley a feminist?
Why Mary Shelley inspires feminism
She rebelled against conventions, followed her heart and supported herself financially by writing. Not only that, she was a feminist before the word and movement even existed. Mary Shelley is truly an inspiring women.
What was Mary Wollstonecraft’s view on human nature?
Wollstonecraft is best known for A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), in which she argues that women are not naturally inferior to men, but appear to be only because they lack education. She suggests that both men and women should be treated as rational beings and imagines a social order founded on reason.
What was Mary Wollstonecraft’s childhood like?
An intelligent girl, Mary Wollstonecraft saw at an early age what the prospects were like for women of her social class, and she did not like it one bit. Despite her aptitude for learning, only her brother Ned was sent to school. … In 1781, her mother fell ill and Wollstonecraft returned to London to care for her.
What form of government did Denis Diderot believe in?
Diderot walked a tight rope between the authoritarian censors of his day who supported the doctrine of the divine right of kings, and his liberal supporters among the aristocrats and some members of the government who supported the reform program of the Encyclopedists.
What did Locke believe about government?
Locke believed that in a state of nature, no one’s life, liberty or property would be safe because there would be no government or laws to protect them. This is why people agreed to form governments. According to Locke, governments do no exist until people create them.
How did Francois Marie Arouet influence modern governments?
Voltaire’s beliefs on freedom and reason is what ultimately led to the French Revolution, the United States Bill of Rights, and the decrease in the power of the Catholic Church, which have all affected modern western society.