What is Gynocriticism and how does it relate to feminist theory?

Gynocriticism, or gynocritics, is the study of women’s writing. … Gynocrit- icism emerges in the context of the second feminist wave’s recognition of sexual differ- ence and the specificity of women’s writing.

What is meant by gynocriticism?

Gynocriticism or gynocritics is the term coined in the seventies by Elaine Showalter to describe a new literary project intended to construct “a female framework for the analysis of women’s literature”.

What is the main concern of gynocriticism?

The main concerns of gynocriticism are to identify what are taken to be the distinctively feminine subject matters in literature written by women; to uncover in literary history a female tradition, … and to show that there is a distinctive feminine mode of experience, or “subjectivity,” in thinking, valuing, and …

What is the difference between gynocriticism and feminist criticism?

Showalter also posited that feminist criticism falls into two categories: woman as reader (Feminist Critique) and woman as writer (Gynocriticism). … Gynocriticism attempts to construct a female framework for the analysis of women’s literature and focus on female subjectivity, female language and female literary career.

What does Showalter mean by feminist critique?

Showalter calls the first one ‘feminist reading’ or ‘feminist critique’. It is concerned to the reading of texts to understand the image of woman in literature and to work out the beliefs and stereotypes concerned to woman highlighted and publicized by literary texts.

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What does Showalter mean by feminine phase?

The Female phase (1920— ) is one of self-discovery. Showalter says, “women reject both imitation and protest—two forms of dependency—and turn instead to female experience as the source of an autonomous art, extending the feminist analysis of culture to the forms and techniques of literature”.

How is gender defined in feminism?

First, feminists are said to think that genders are socially constructed in that they have the following essential attributes (Butler 1999, 24): women are females with feminine behavioural traits, being heterosexuals whose desire is directed at men; men are males with masculine behavioural traits, being heterosexuals …

What is the purpose of feminist theory?

Feminist theory doesn’t only look at gendered power and oppression to understand how women’s experiences are different from men’s experiences. It also examines how systems of power and oppression interact.

What are the three phases of feminism as discussed by Elaine Showalter in her essay towards a feminist politics?

Showalter presents three important stages of women’s writing. First, the imitation of the mainstream literary tradition: second, the protest against the standards of this dominant tradition and third, self-discovery which aims at a search for identity. Showalter identifies these stages as Feminine, Feminist and Female.